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Advice for Students: How to Write Your First University Essay

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Whether you’re coming to it from A Levels or the world of work, writing your first academic essay is a daunting task. The first thing to do is choose a topic, ideally a few weeks before the deadline so you have time to really think about it and avoid a last-minute panic! Make sure you go for something that interests you, ideally something that you attended the lecture and seminars on. The more you like a subject, the less of a chore the work will feel; you’ll spend more time on it and get a better result.

 It’s absolutely fine to start by reading a basic text book and online encyclopaedia articles to get an idea of the topic, but make sure you use serious, academic texts when in comes to referencing.

 The rule for referencing is if you are stating a fact or the opinion of another person, rather…

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Making Your Dissertation First Class

Obviously, any degree is a massive achievement and you should be wildly proud of yourself for turning up and learning fascinating things, but if you happen to be a high achiever on the cusp of a top  grade, here’s what markers are looking for. (Check your mark scheme for your institution’s individual requirements.)

Originality is key. This can be in many forms. Consider a new phenomenon in terms of an old theory; do research that hasn’t Be Originalbeen done before (at least make sure no one else on your course is doing it!); dig in to one of your university’s archives for interesting materials to test your theory against; do a close analysis of a single unconventional issue. It can be hard to be ‘original’ on purpose, so read around your subject before deciding on your title and just see what thoughts come to you. At some point your brain will probably go, ‘well that’s interesting, but what if…?’ and there’s your question.

A critical evaluation of the literature. This means that beyond showing a full understanding of the research on your topic, you’ve demonstrated insight and considered the theorists critically, not just accepted their work as the truth. 

Have a clear argument that you stick to throughout. First class essays have a real sense of purpose – every sentence has a vital function which builds to prove its thesis. 

Relevance either to society or to the current debates in your academic field is always impressive. It demonstrates that you’re engaged in academia, like your lecturers are, and they may well appreciate this mature approach. It will seem to them more like the journal articles they read than just another undergrad essay. 

High quality English is mentioned in most mark schemes, with accurate spelling, grammar and punctuation. The writing should flow well with careful word choice, minimal repetition and an engaging style. 

Accurate and thorough referencing and a strong structure are also vital.  

Most importantly, give yourself plenty of time to think about it; start early if you can. All of the above would be ideal, but aren’t necessarily essential. The majority of essays and dissertations that I work on that end up being awarded firsts get the mark because the student has chosen a topic they’re interested in and their enthusiasm has come across. Some of the best dissertations I’ve read have a tight structure, fluency that makes the argument easy to follow and a conclusion that addresses the title. 

Would you like thoughtful, clear advice on your dissertation? Get in touch!

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Advice for Students: How to Write Your First University Essay

Whether you’re coming to it from A Levels or the world of work, writing your first academic essay is a daunting task. The first thing to do is choose a topic, ideally a few weeks before the deadline so you have time to really think about it and avoid a last-minute panic! Make sure you go for something that interests you, ideally something that you attended the lecture and seminars on. The more you like a subject, the less of a chore the work will feel; you’ll spend more time on it and get a better result.

 It’s absolutely fine to start by reading a basic text book and online encyclopaedia articles to get an idea of the topic, but make sure you use serious, academic texts when in comes to referencing.

 The rule for referencing is if you are stating a fact or the opinion of another person, rather than your own comment or interpretation, you must use a reference. If in doubt, always reference! This doesn’t have to mean hours in the library, online journals are a quick way to find the proof of facts that you need, or search Google Books and it will show you all the texts it has on record with the phrase you’ve searched for in them.

 That said, do start with a few books from the library. Your faculty has chosen, and so implicitly recommended, many of these books; they may well be more reliable sources than you’ll find elsewhere. Take notes as you read with page numbers. You will thank yourself later when many other people are trawling back through what they’ve already read, desperate to find a reference at the eleventh hour. It’s good to have a range of references, try not to rely too heavily on one book. Six to eight is about the minimum number for a 1,000-2,000 word essay.

 Collect your notes once you’ve done your reading and decide what order you’re going to present your argument in. At university, unlike A Level, you must pick a side of the debate and argue it. You can present the alternative argument, but only to refute it with stronger evidence. Your points should follow logically and be summarised in your conclusion.

 Your introduction should say what you’re setting out to do and how you are going to do it: nothing more. For the body of the essay, make sure you start a new paragraph for every new point. Each paragraph should begin with your point, be followed by your evidence (a fact or quotation from an academic) and then finish with an explanation which specifically addresses your title. Point, Evidence, Explain.

 Don’t plagiarise: quote or use your own words and always reference. Have a read through before you submit it: some

Yes, it’s hard for you, but you only have to write one- your tutors have to read hundreds!

institutions award marks for spelling, grammar and punctuation, but whether yours does or not, your tutors will be more pleasantly disposed towards you if your work is well written and easy to read, it might just earn you a few extra marks!

 Before you submit it get someone else to have a read, perhaps a family member, course friend or a professional proofreader: anyone who will give you helpful, honest advice and check for the typos you’ve missed. Click here to see how I can help! 

 Then print it off! At my uni there was always a fight for the printers on deadline day so get in early, use your own or bribe a well-equipped friend! Hand it in (ideally with a bit of time to spare) and treat yourself to a drink, some food and a lie-down!

 Try not to stress about it too much, just read a few books, stick to the word count and get it in on time and you’ll be doing better than a lot of freshers! Relax and enjoy learning about something new: its surprising the things you’ll become an expert on in your uni years! 

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